To keep fleas out of your home, control fleas on your pet, and regularly clean pet sleeping areas inside
On the pet:
Safe and effective products can control fleas on pets. Treatments of homes and yards is mostly unnecessary.
- Apply spot-on formulations to the animal's coat. They provide control for one to three months and are
available from vets or over-the-counter.
- Use a vet-prescribed pill or food additive. They do not kill adult fleas, but prevent reproduction.
- Flea collars containing methroprene or pyriproxyfen protect up to six months on dogs and a year on cats.
- Flea shampoos and soaps, powders and dusts, spray-on liquids, and dips are less effective and more hazardous
to pets, people, and the environment than the three types of products above.
- In the yard if flea numbers are high, treat outdoor areas with a spray containing pyriproxyfen, Expose open
sleeping areas to sunlight by removing low hanging vegetation. Immature fleas are unlikely to survive in sunlit
Inside the home:
Avoid flea build-up by regularly vacuuming and laundering areas where your pet rests. If you have a major flea
problem, treat your pet with one of the options described above and follow the steps below. Concentrate treatment
in heavily infested areas (usually areas where the pet rests).
- Wash throw rugs and pet bedding.
- Vacuum upholstered furniture (cleaning under cushions and in crevices) and vacuum carpets (especially
- Use a hand sprayer or aerosol with an insecticide containing methoprene or pyroproxyfen (insect growth
regulators) to treat all carpets and unwashable upholstered furniture. This treatment kills larvae but not
pupae, so fleas may continue to emerge for up to two weeks.
- Over the next two weeks, vacuum regularly to remove newly emerging adult fleas, but don't reappy pesticides.
- Seal and discard vacuum bags so fleas don't escape.
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